济南网站建设响应式和自适应布局的区别?

2020-11-20 栏目:网站优化 查看()
济南网站建设

  经常有客户会问响应式布局和自适应布局会有什么样的区别?首先我们先了解一下什么是响应式布局和自适应布局。
 
  响应式布局:
 
  响应式布局是Ethan Marcotte在2010年5月份提出的一个概念,简而言之,就是一个网站能够兼容多个终端——而不是为每个终端做一个特定的版本。这个概念是为解决移动互联网浏览而诞生的。
 
  响应式布局可以为不同终端的用户提供更加舒适的界面和更好的用户体验,而且随着目前大屏幕移动设备的普及,用大势所趋来形容也不为过。随着越来越多的设计师采用这个技术,我们不仅看到很多的创新,还看到了一些成形的模式。
 
  自适应布局:
 
  自适应网页设计(Responsive Web Design)指能使网页自适应显示在不同大小终端设备上新网页设计方式及技术。
 
  随着4G的普及,越来越多的人使用手机上网。
 
  移动设备正超过桌面设备,成为访问互联网的最常见终端。于是,网页设计师不得不面对一个难题:如何才能在不同大小的设备上呈现同样的网页?
 
  手机的屏幕比较小,宽度通常在600像素以下;PC的屏幕宽度,一般都在1000像素以上(目前主流宽度是1366×768),有的还达到了2000像素。同样的内容,要在大小迥异的屏幕上,都呈现出满意的效果,并不是一件容易的事。
 
  很多网站的解决方法,是为不同的设备提供不同的网页,比如专门提供一个mobile版本,或者iPhone/iPad版本。这样做固然保证了效果,但是比较麻烦,同时要维护好几个版本,而且如果一个网站有多个portal(入口),会大大增加架构设计的复杂度。
 
  于是,很早就有人设想,能不能"一次设计,普遍适用",让同一张网页自动适应不同大小的屏幕,根据屏幕宽度,自动调整布局(layout)。
 
  那制作网站的时候“什么样的网站/项目适合使用自适应布局(固定断点)?什么样的网站适合响应式布局?(流体网格)”
 
  理论上来说,响应式布局在任何情况下都比自适应布局好一些,但在某些情况下自适应布局更切实际。
 
  自适应布局可以让你的设计更加可控,因为你只需要考虑了了几种状态就万事大吉了。但在响应式布局中你可能需要面对非常多状态——是的,大部分状态之间的区别很小,但它们又的确是不同的——这样一来就很难确切搞清你的设计会是什么样。同时这也带来了测试上的难题,你很难有绝对的把握预测到它会怎样。换个角度说,这也是响应式布局的魅力所在。通过允许表面上的不确定因素存在,你可以获得更高层次上的确定。虽然你无法在精确到像素级别准确预知你的设计如何在943px×684px视觉区域汇中展示,但你能确定的是它们一定能展示的很好——不管是表层特征还是布局结构都有条不紊。
 
  自适应布局有它自己的优势,因为它们实施起来代价更低,测试更容易,这往往让他们成为更切实际的解决方案。自适应布局可以看做响应式布局的“穷兄弟”,在资源有限的情况下就可以让它出马。特别是改进现有网站的时候尤其奏效,因为全部重写代码在这时并不可行。这种案例中,采用自适应布局是一个不错的出发点。
 
  Often,customers ask what difference will be between reactive layout and adaptive layout?First,let's look at what reactive and adaptive layouts are.
 
  Responsive layout:
 
  Responsive layout is a concept put forward by Ethan Marcotte in May 2010,in short,that a website can be compatible with multiple terminals-rather than making a specific version for each terminal.This concept was born to solve mobile Internet browsing.
 
  Response layout can provide users with more comfortable interface and better user experience for different terminals.With the popularity of large screen mobile devices,it is not too described by the general trend.With more and more designers adopting this technology,we not only see a lot of innovation,but also see some forming patterns.
 
  Adaptive layout:
 
  Adaptive Web Design(Adaptive Web Design)is a new design method and technology that can make web pages display adaptively on different terminal devices.
 
  With the popularity of 4G,more and more people use mobile phones to surf the Internet.
 
  Mobile devices are surpassing desktop devices,becoming the most common terminal to access the Internet.So,web designers have to face a problem:how can we present the same web pages on different sizes of devices?
 
  The screen of mobile phone is relatively small,and the width is usually below 600 pixels;the screen width of PC is generally over 1000 pixels(the current mainstream width is 1366×768),and some of them reach 2000 pixels.It is not easy to show satisfactory results on different screens.
 
  Many web sites have solutions that offer different web pages for different devices,such as a mobile version or iphone/ipad version.This ensures the effect,but it is more difficult to maintain several versions at the same time,and if a website has multiple portal(portals),it will greatly increase the complexity of architecture design.
 
  So,it was long thought that it could be"designed once,and it is applicable generally",so that the same page can adapt to different sizes of screen automatically,and adjust layout automatically according to the screen width.
 
  When making a website,"what kind of site/project is suitable for using adaptive layout(fixed breakpoint)?What kind of website is suitable for responsive layout?(fluid mesh)"
 
  In theory,the response layout is better than the adaptive layout in any case,but in some cases,the adaptive layout is more practical.
 
  Adaptive layout can make your design more manageable,because you only need to consider several States and it will be a great deal.But in a responsive layout you may have to face a lot of States-yes,the difference between most states is small,but they are really different-so it's hard to figure out exactly what your design will look like.It also brings the test challenges,and it's hard to predict exactly what it will be.In other words,it is also the charm of responsive layout.By allowing for surface uncertainties,you can get a higher level of certainty.While you can't predict exactly how your design will be displayed in the 943px×684px visual area sink at the precise pixel level,you can be sure they will be able to show well-whether surface features or layout structures are well organized.
 
  Adaptive layouts have their own advantages because they are implemented at a lower cost and easier to test,which often makes them more practical solutions.Adaptive layout can be regarded as a"poor brother"of responsive layout,which can be made out of the market when resources are limited.Especially when improving existing websites,it works especially because it is not feasible to rewrite all the code at this time.In this case,adaptive layout is a good starting point.

本文来源:http://www.03seo.com/seo/720.html

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